Psalm 37:5-7 Commit your way to the Lord, trust in Him, and He will do this, He will make your righteousness shine like the dawn.
Read 1Samuel 23:1-14 David asked the Lord if he was to go to Keilah and stand against the Philistines, God told him to go and that he would deliver the Philistines into his hands. David did so, and God did as he said he would. God protected David and used him (even though Saul was trying to take his life) to save the people of Keilah.
Read Psalm 37:5-7 Commit your way to the Lord, trust in Him, and He will do this, He will make your righteousness shine like the dawn. The justice of your cause like the noonday sun. Be still before the Lord, and wait patiently for Him, do not fret, when men succeed in their ways, when they carry out their wicked schemes.
This is an excellent verse to take to heart when you are praying for something, you must trust in God for the answer, even if you don’t see immediate results, be committed to knowing that God is committed to you and that He hears your prayers, and will take action on your behalf.
God’s justice is always much more accurate and precise than anything that you and I can come up with. Sometimes the person whom we want justice from has suffered an even greater injustice than we have, but we don’t know it. That doesn’t excuse the injustice we suffered by them, but it may help us to understand where they were coming from and find a way to love that person despite what they have done.
David, makes it clear through out his relationship with King Saul that he does not despise Saul and has no wish to take his throne from him before the appointed time that God will give it to him. David continues to attempt to serve Saul to the best of his ability despite Saul’s hatred of him, and his constant attempts to take David’s life.
I mean, Saul throws spears at David while David is entertaining Saul with his music. Saul chases him down and tries to kill him. When you look at some of the Psalms that David wrote, the headings on some of them tell us that they were written in caves while he was hiding for fear of his life. That fear is because King Saul is after him.
King Saul actually admired David and promoted him to the position he was in, but after God turned from Saul and David was anointed by Samuel as the next King of Israel (the United Kingdom of Israel) Saul then started to fear David when he saw how mighty he was. After Saul heard chanting in the street that “Saul had slain his thousands and David his ten thousands…” (1Samuel 18:6-8) then King Saul could see that David could take his throne as he was held in higher esteem by the people of Israel than was King Saul.
As far as I can find in the Bible there isn’t any direct statement to Saul that David is the one anointed to take his place. King Saul is just told that another will take his place as King. King Saul went off of the deep end without a life jacket once he figured out that David was considered “mightier than he!”
However, David despite being given an opportunity of temptation to kill King Saul as he was urinating in a cave where David and his men were hiding….refuses to succumb to the temptation to go ahead and get his kingdom through assassination! Even with his men egging him on!
1Samuel 24:1-22 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats.3 He came to the sheep pens along the way; a cave was there, and Saul went in to relieve himself. David and his men were far back in the cave. 4 The men said, “This is the day theLord spoke of when he said to you, ‘I will give your enemy into your hands for you to deal with as you wish.’” Then David crept up unnoticed and cut off a corner of Saul’s robe.
5 Afterward, David was conscience-stricken for having cut off a corner of his robe. 6 He said to his men, “The Lord forbid that I should do such a thing to my master, the Lord’s anointed,or lay my hand on him; for he is the anointed of the Lord.” 7 With these words David sharply rebuked his men and did not allow them to attack Saul. And Saul left the cave and went his way.8
Then David went out of the cave and called out to Saul, “My lord the king!” When Saul looked behind him, David bowed down and prostrated himself with his face to the ground.9 He said to Saul, “Why do you listen when men say, ‘David is bent on harming you’? 10 This day you have seen with your own eyes how the Lord delivered you into my hands in the cave. Some urged me to kill you, but I spared you; I said, ‘I will not lay my hand on my lord, because he is the Lord’s anointed.’ 11 See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! I cut off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty of wrongdoing or rebellion. I have not wronged you, but you are hunting me down to take my life. 12 May the Lord judge between you and me. And may the Lord avenge the wrongs you have done to me, but my hand will not touch you. 13 As the old saying goes, ‘From evildoers come evil deeds,’ so my hand will not touch you.
14 “Against whom has the king of Israel come out? Who are you pursuing? A dead dog? A flea? 15 May the Lord be our judge and decide between us. May he consider my cause and uphold it; may he vindicate me by delivering me from your hand.”
16 When David finished saying this, Saul asked, “Is that your voice, David my son?” And he wept aloud. 17 “You are more righteous than I,” he said. “You have treated me well, but I have treated you badly. 18 You have just now told me about the good you did to me; the Lorddelivered me into your hands, but you did not kill me. 19 When a man finds his enemy, does he let him get away unharmed? May the Lord reward you well for the way you treated me today. 20 I know that you will surely be king and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hands. 21 Now swear to me by the Lord that you will not kill off my descendants or wipe out my name from my father’s family.”
22 So David gave his oath to Saul. Then Saul returned home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold. (NIV via Biblegateway.com)
This kind of thinking and acting is why the Lord stated that David was a man after his own heart. David loved Saul and loved Saul’s son, Jonathon who was his best friend, like a brother. I am sure that it pained David to know that he was going to be taking the throne which would have gone to Jonathon, if Saul had remained King. Yet, it doesn’t seem to have affected the close bond between the two men. They looked out for each other. Jonathon tried his best to protect David from his father, King Saul.
If we try to understand King Saul’s actions they were largely out of fear…he drove himself crazy from his fear of losing his kingdom. This tells us how deep Saul’s belief in the words of Samuel the prophet…even though he continually acted against what Samuel had told him to do. Saul feared people more than he feared the Lord, and fear was his chief motivator. So in essence, Saul was a person who looked good on the surface, but his actions did not bear scrutiny once you got to know him. He wasn’t a bad person, but he was a leader and he was in charge of leading his people in the way that the Lord wished them to go. He was catastrophically unable to do this because of his fears. He was not a Psalm 37:5-7 king. (Though that Psalm written by David when he was King was written well after Saul’s demise…perhaps David may have thought of and remembered Saul when he wrote it.)
David suffered a lot of injustice at the hands of Saul, we are never told why Saul acted with so much fear. Hazarding a guess and going into Saul’s background he was simply not built for the demands of Kingship…it was a great big stress to him, but once he was there, he wanted to keep the job. He didn’t want to be a failure. However, he was a failure. He was self centered instead of God centered.
Simply put, Saul failed to follow God, so God replaced him. David, despite his faults, never forgot or let his own thoughts replace his love and respect for God.
If you are a leader that God has put in place, you are held very responsible by God for how you lead…more so than the average person who has no one they are leading. Be a good leader if you are called to lead, pray and follow God’s leading…Wait upon the Lord in all circumstances. Prayer is the way to “wait upon the Lord.” If you don’t talk to him, then you won’t know what God wants from you.
Note: As an exercise I find it helpful to look up the different places spoken about in the Bible and see where they are on a map. It kind of gives me a scope of how far things are from each other, and what the terrain is like. Keilah is 8.5 miles NW of Hebron, the Desert of Ziph is 4 miles SE of Hebron. Keilah is now satisfactorily by archaeologists as identified with Khirbet Kila.