1 Cor 15:47 The first man was of the dust of the earth, the second man from heaven.
Read 1 Cor 15:45-58 These verses explain that Adam was the first man who was born of earth or the natural man. Jesus is the second man who is the divine man. This is an explanation of the death and resurrection of Jesus, and how it is necessary to have a resurrected or imperishable or changed body in order to “over come” death. If you need more explanation of the natural vs. the spiritual body then read from the beginning of 15. For our purposes in this lesson you need to know that “Son of Man” is Jesus’ “racial” name meaning he is stating that he is fully a human being…part of the human race, and that he is God’s representative to mankind. Son of David is Jesus’s Jewish name, and Son of God is Jesus’ Divine Name. We will get into “Son of David” and “Son of God” in other lessons. The term, “Son of Man” can also be used as a personal pronoun to show that the person is talking about themselves.
Read Daniel 7:13-14 These verses are the first reference to Jesus as the “Son of Man.” A title Jesus applied to himself. He will be enthroned as ruler over the whole earth. The whole earth which by Jesus’ time had been misruled by the 4 kingdoms of men. (ie. Babylonia, Medo-Persian, Greece, and Rome). Do you think our governments are doing a better job today? Or do you think that it is still being misruled? What kind of impact do you think Jesus as the “Son of man” has had on humanity? Remember, that Jesus still has to come again to judge for his eternal immortal kingdom on earth. If you accept Jesus and live as his follower, then you will be judged forgiven, and accepted into his eternal kingdom.
BIBLE VERSES: (From Bible Gateway.com)
1 Corinthians 15:45-48 New International Version (NIV)
45 So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”[a]; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. 46 The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual.47 The first man was of the dust of the earth; the second man is of heaven. 48 As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the heavenly man, so also are those who are of heaven.
- 1 Corinthians 15:45 Gen. 2:7
Daniel 7:13-14 New International Version (NIV)
13 “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man,[a] coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all nations and peoples of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.
- Daniel 7:13 The Aramaic phrase bar enash means human being. The phrase son of man is retained here because of its use in the New Testament as a title of Jesus, probably based largely on this verse.
Read Matthew 20:25-28 This shows us that the son of man is a servant to mankind, it also shows that, in this case, Jesus used the term “Son of Man” to apply to himself as a personal pronoun like “I”..but also can tell us that he is referring to himself as the one who is described in Daniel 7. His listeners would certainly have been familiar with Daniel’s writings. It should also be noted that the Jewish people in Jesus’ time were not generally looking for a “divine” person to be their Messiah…they were looking for a human being appointed/anointed or sent by God who would save them from Roman rule. We are shown over and over that the Disciples did not, at first, understand what Jesus meant when he talked about his kingdom. They were not looking for God to come down in the person of the Messiah and live among them. In the end, the Messiah, Jesus Christ, was much more than they were expecting! Funny thing is, that here we are 2000+ years later, and Jesus is still much more than we are expecting…from the time we first believe and as we go through our lives as a “maturing” Christian (hopefully that is your goal)…we come to understand more and more about Jesus…and become more and more amazed and astounded by him and the depth of his teachings. God is good enough to help us to understand and appreciate him more than we ever thought possible! If you think that Jesus is awesome now…just wait…he becomes even more awesome as you get to know him more!
Matthew 20:25-28 25 Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. 26 Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, 27 and whoever wants to be first must be your slave— 28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”