The Christ/Anointed One/Messiah

oil-to-anoint

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because He has anointed me to preach the good news to the poor.  He sent me to proclaim freedom to the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lords favor.

Read Acts 10:37-38, Read Isaiah 61. Read Mark 8:27-30.

Read John Chapter 4:1-42

Notes:  The greek word for Messiah is Christos.  The word Christ is used much more commonly than Messiah, as the original texts of the new testament were written in the Greek Language.  Although the old testament refers to the Messiah (Mashiach) because that is the Hebrew term for Anointed.

There are traditionally 4 forms of anointing:  1.) For skin care, comfort and burial purposes; 2.) For religious consecration to a sacred purpose; 3.) For coronation; 4.) Figurative Anointing. 

We will only deal with the last three for purposes of this lesson:  For religious consecration it was first used by Jacob in Gen. 28:18; 35:14  to consecrate a stone or spot for a sacred purpose.  Under the laws of Moses persons and things which were anointed with “oil of holy ointment were set apart for sacred purposes. 

Genesis 28:18 Early the next morning Jacob took the stone he had placed under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on top of it.

For coronation under Jewish custom, kings were anointed with oil to set them apart as God’s selection for king. 

A figurative anointing with oil is a symbol of the endowment with the Spirit of God for the duties of the office to which a person is consecrated. * (I have to say that this sounds like there isn’t any actual oil used, but more like a commissioning…though I may be misunderstanding this somehow, otherwise Unger’s explanation seems more like the same thing as anointing for a sacred purpose.)

*Ungers Bible Dictionary

Something to take note of in John 4:26 Jesus clearly identifies himself to the Samaritan Woman as the Messiah.  This is one of the few times that he directly stated that he was the Messiah….most of the time it was not so clear.  I have wondered many times about this, but the thing is about human nature…if we are told someone is something…a lot of time we will not believe them as much as if we see it in them for ourselves.  Jesus didn’t want people following him blindly.  He wanted them to have relationship with him and the Holy Spirit and understand who he was for themselves.  So, why was he so clear with this woman?  I think it is because of what she said to him when he started right off at the beginning speaking to her about spiritual things like living water and worshiping in truth and spirit…her response is:  The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”  She was clearly expecting the Messiah, and clearly expecting that when he came he would explain “everything” to her.  This is a woman, who was not a Jew, yet she was still waiting for the Jewish Messiah, for God’s anointed to come and explain the proper way to approach God to her…even while she was in her state of sin.  Jesus simply honored her expectations.  I think when I look at this story, that Jesus was very touched by the simplicity of this woman’s faith….don’t you think so too?!!

Bible Verses:

Acts 10:37-38   37You know what has happened throughout the province of Judea, beginning in Galilee after the baptism that John preached— 38how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.

Isaiah 61

1The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me,

because the Lord has anointed me

to proclaim good news to the poor.

He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,

to proclaim freedom for the captives

and release from darkness for the prisoners,a

2to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor

and the day of vengeance of our God,

to comfort all who mourn,

3and provide for those who grieve in Zion—

to bestow on them a crown of beauty

instead of ashes,

the oil of joy

instead of mourning,

and a garment of praise

instead of a spirit of despair.

They will be called oaks of righteousness,

a planting of the Lord

for the display of his splendor.

4They will rebuild the ancient ruins

and restore the places long devastated;

they will renew the ruined cities

that have been devastated for generations.

5Strangers will shepherd your flocks;

foreigners will work your fields and vineyards.

6And you will be called priests of the Lord,

you will be named ministers of our God.

You will feed on the wealth of nations,

and in their riches you will boast.

7Instead of your shame

you will receive a double portion,

and instead of disgrace

you will rejoice in your inheritance.

And so you will inherit a double portion in your land,

and everlasting joy will be yours.

8“For I, the Lord, love justice;

I hate robbery and wrongdoing.

In my faithfulness I will reward my people

and make an everlasting covenant with them.

9Their descendants will be known among the nations

and their offspring among the peoples.

All who see them will acknowledge

that they are a people the Lord has blessed.”

10I delight greatly in the Lord;

my soul rejoices in my God.

For he has clothed me with garments of salvation

and arrayed me in a robe of his righteousness,

as a bridegroom adorns his head like a priest,

and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.

11For as the soil makes the sprout come up

and a garden causes seeds to grow,

so the Sovereign Lord will make righteousness

and praise spring up before all nations.


Footnotes:
a 1 Hebrew; Septuagint the blind (NIV Via Bible Hub)

Mark 8:27-30 (NIV via Bible Gateway)

27 Jesus and his disciples went on to the villages around Caesarea Philippi. On the way he asked them, “Who do people say I am?”

28 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, one of the prophets.”

29 “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”

Peter answered, “You are the Messiah.”

30 Jesus warned them not to tell anyone about him.

John 4:1-42New International Version (NIV)

Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John— although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples. So he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee.
Now he had to go through Samaria. So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?” (His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.)The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.[a])10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”

11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.”

16 He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.”17 “I have no husband,” she replied.Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.”19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet. 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”21 “Woman,” Jesus replied, “believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”

26 Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you—I am he.”

The Disciples Rejoin Jesus

27 Just then his disciples returned and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?”

28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people,29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Messiah?”30 They came out of the town and made their way toward him.31 Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat something.”

32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you know nothing about.”

33 Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?”

34 “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work.35 Don’t you have a saying, ‘It’s still four months until harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest. 36 Even now the one who reaps draws a wage and harvests a crop for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together. 37 Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps’ is true. 38 I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor.”

39 Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.” 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days. 41 And because of his words many more became believers.

42 They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Savior of the world.”

Footnotes:

  1. John 4:9 Or do not use dishes Samaritans have used
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