Dave makes some really wonderful points here about how Paul the Apostle is often taken out of context and seems to be at odds with the Apostles and Judaism with what he says.
I heard a sermon on the radio today in which the entire scope of the sermon was on how Paul was the “only” authorized Disciple to the Gentiles….it was presented that Paul was essentially the only one we as Christians needed to listen to and worry about listening to in our Bible.
Whether that was the Preacher’s intent or not…that is the message he was handing out quite passionately. He completely ignored the fact that the first person to deal with the Gentiles aside from Jesus was Peter the Apostle (Acts 10) who went to see Cornelius the Gentile and his family. Peter was called upon by the Holy Spirit to go and see Cornelius and his family, and the Holy Spirit told Cornelius to send some men to go and get Peter, whom he had never met before. Peter witnessed this important thing when he went there, that although Cornelius and his people were all Gentiles (non-Jews) God gave them the Holy Spirit also. This was an important thing when it came to the decision of the Apostles about how Gentiles could remain as they were (Gentiles) and still be included in the Salvation offered by God.
Many of our Christian Churches over the centuries and still today have doctrine that takes Paul out of context and forgets that Paul as well as the other Disciples and Jesus, himself…were all practicing Jews…they did not forsake the practice of their faith in order to accept Jesus..they still kept Sabbath and Passover, and the other Jewish Holidays….they were still Jewish until their deaths…although they had recognized and accepted the Messiah as the source of their salvation. Jesus was a devout practicing Jew…he could not have kept the law perfectly if he had not been.
So what does this mean to us? This means that Paul who was a Pharisee who was the son of a Pharisee, who was trained by a famous Pharisee (Gamaliel) was still a Pharisee even while he accepted Jesus as his Lord and Savior. He was still a Jew….he still honored Jewish traditions and laws, but he understood that the law is not the source of salvation. He understood that Repentance and acceptance of the Messiah, pursuing God was the source of salvation….relationship with God. As Dave says in this Video…Paul was not a rogue who was separate from the Disciples. He was under the Disciples authority…he was commissioned by them (as well as Jesus – Acts 22:21) to go and preach to the Gentiles. The Disciples understood that Paul had been authorized by Jesus as the Disciple to the Gentiles and they followed the Holy Spirit’s wishes and sent him out to them in obedience to God.
Paul tells us to be who we are…if we are Jews to be Jews who accept the Messiah, and if we are Gentiles to be Gentiles who accept the Messiah. We are to accept Jesus where ever we are and be the person that God created us to be, as we are all unique individuals and God has a plan for each and every one of us in how we are to serve him.
Dave gets a lot deeper into this idea in his video and makes some very impressive points about Paul and his Mission/Ministry. I encourage you to give it a watch.
It is interesting to look at the scripture in the context of how the Disciples would have understood things from their position as Jews.
John 10:11 I am the good shepherd, and the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
Read John 10: 1-21
John 10:1-21 New King James Version (NKJV)
Jesus the True Shepherd
10 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.3 To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.4 And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.5 Yet they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.”6 Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.
Jesus the Good Shepherd
7 Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.8 All who ever came before Me[a] are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them.9 I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.10 The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.
11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep.12 But a hireling, he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them.13 The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep.14 I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own.15 As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.16 And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd.
17 “Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again.18 No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This command I have received from My Father.”
19 Therefore there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings. 20 And many of them said, “He has a demon and is mad. Why do you listen to Him?”
21 Others said, “These are not the words of one who has a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
Jesus talks about his qualities as a shepherd, and that his sheep are important enough to him that he would die for them.We are his sheep, and Jesus is our shepherd, who takes care of us and leads us as Jesus describes in these verses.However, we are sheep with a choice.We can chose to follow our shepherd, or not (and in that case be eaten by wolves aka Satan).
Jesus also talks about having sheep in other pastures. He is talking about people who are not Jews. Anyone who is not a Jew is a Gentile.People in other faiths can come to know Jesus as well as people who are raised in Judaism or Christianity.God loves all people, no matter what nationality, or race, or location you live in.If a person is seeking God, God will help that person to be led to Jesus. No matter which part of the world or what faith or lack of faith a person is raised, or invested in, if the person earnestly seeks God, then God will reveal himself to them.The Bible is all about God’s revealing of himself to mankind.So if you are seeking, Jesus will lead you like a shepherd leads his sheep to the good pasture of God’s word. As Christians we have to be open and not condemning of a person’s faith background.
John 14:6New King James Version (NKJV)
6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
As it says in John 10:16 There will be one flock and one shepherd that Jesus will bring the sheep from the other flocks together. The other flocks would be the people who are not Jewish, but they will still know who Jesus is and accept him as their shepherd. The thing that all these “flocks” will have in common is Jesus Christ and it will show in their love for God and their love for one another.
John 13:34-35 34 A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.35 By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”
This does not mean that all religions will be one…don’t get confused! It has nothing to do with religion and everything to do with people who are seeking to know God. Jesus was a Jew from birth until the end of his life here on earth…All of Jesus’ original Disciples were Jewish and so was Paul. People of Christ were not called Christians until Antioch in Acts 11:26. This was when Paul was teaching them. (Though the Bible speaks of a one world religion…Revelation 17:1-18…that is a false religion and that is not what I am talking about here.)
Read Acts 8:26-40 (ESV)
Philip and the Ethiopian Eunuch
26 Now an angel of the Lord said to Philip, “Rise and go toward the south[a] to the road that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza.” This is a desert place.27 And he rose and went. And there was an Ethiopian, a eunuch, a court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasure. He had come to Jerusalem to worship28 and was returning, seated in his chariot, and he was reading the prophet Isaiah.29 And the Spirit said to Philip, “Go over and join this chariot.”30 So Philip ran to him and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet and asked, “Do you understand what you are reading?”31 And he said, “How can I, unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.32 Now the passage of the Scripture that he was reading was this:
“Like a sheep he was led to the slaughter and like a lamb before its shearer is silent, so he opens not his mouth. 33 In his humiliation justice was denied him. Who can describe his generation? For his life is taken away from the earth.”
34 And the eunuch said to Philip, “About whom, I ask you, does the prophet say this, about himself or about someone else?”35 Then Philip opened his mouth, and beginning with this Scripture he told him the good news about Jesus.36 And as they were going along the road they came to some water, and the eunuch said, “See, here is water! What prevents me from being baptized?”[b]38 And he commanded the chariot to stop, and they both went down into the water, Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him.39 And when they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord carried Philip away, and the eunuch saw him no more, and went on his way rejoicing.
Now the thing about this story of the Ethiopian Eunuch is that the Eunuch was not Jewish, yet, God knew that his seeking of God, through trying to read scripture was sincere. God chose to honor that sincerity by providing a person who was knowledgeable in the scripture to help the Eunuch understand what he was reading. Thus the Ethiopian Eunuch was led to Christ, and became a part of the other flock that came under the same shepherd. Please note that there is nothing in the scripture that says that the Ethiopian Eunuch suddenly became Jewish. He did not. If he had we certainly would have been told this. He met God as he was, and became a sheep who followed the Good Shepherd. We don’t know what event or series of events inspired the Eunuch to start reading Isaiah, that is only known to the Holy Spirit who is the one who had a hand in it to begin with.
Read Psalm 23
Psalm 23 New King James Version (NKJV)
The Lord the Shepherd of His People
A Psalm of David.
23 The Lordis my shepherd; I shall not want. 2 He makes me to lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside the still waters. 3 He restores my soul; He leads me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.
4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; For You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.
5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You anoint my head with oil; My cup runs over. 6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me All the days of my life; And I will dwell[a] in the house of the Lord Forever.
Psalm 23:6Following Septuagint, Syriac, Targum, and Vulgate; Masoretic Text reads return.
1Samuel 2:2 There is no one holy like the Lord; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. (NIV)
Read Psalm 99 and Psalm 111 Both of these Psalms talk about the nature of God.
Read Isaiah 6This chapter is where Isaiah is commissioned by the Lord to serve Him.The Seraphs recognized God’s Holiness, loudly.It was noticeably praiseworthy.
Can you just imagine being Isaiah and finding yourself in this situation? Here he is suddenly confronted with the holiness of God, he looks and sees the Seraphs who are regularly in God’s presence are not daring to look directly at God or stand on the ground in His presence. Isaiah expresses to us the idea, “I am certainly going to die!” After all, no one can look upon the Lord and live! Nothing can survive God’s presence if it is unclean!
The marvelous thing about God is that He can make things clean….God is the only one who can clean things up that others would think are beyond saving!
Deuteronomy 6:4-9 is an important prayer that the Jews say regularly:
4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.5 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.6 These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.7 Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up.8 Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.9 Write them on the door frames of your houses and on your gates.
Note:There is only one Holy One, and that is God.
Psalm 89:5-7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
5 Lord, the heavens praise Your wonders— Your faithfulness also— in the assembly of the holy ones. 6 For who in the skies can compare with the Lord? Who among the heavenly beings is like the Lord? 7 God is greatly feared in the council of the holy ones, more awe-inspiring than all who surround Him.
Psalm 89:5-7 mentions the “holy ones”, which means those surrounding God in heaven….this would be, most likely, God’s other creation…the angels, seraphs, and cherubim.
Being Holy according to Unger’s Bible Dictionary is to be set apart, or separate from something. Truthfully, this definition falls far short of describing the Holiness of God. We in our humanity have no way to describe God’s Holiness. We are too self centered and judgmental. The only valid guidelines we have for what God’s Holiness is like are God’s guidelines. Since he is the Holy One and we are not, then shouldn’t we use his guidelines to establish what living a Holy life is to be like?
Job 4:17-21 “Can a person be more righteous than God, or a man more pure than his Maker?” If God puts no trust in His servants and He charges His angels with foolishness, 19 how much more those who dwell in clay houses, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed like a moth! 20 They are smashed to pieces from dawn to dusk; they perish forever while no one notices. 21 Are their tent cords not pulled up? They die without wisdom.
Eliphaz the Temanite in Job 4 has a very tough picture in his mind of who God is, doesn’t he? Yet, we know that God charged Eliphaz, and Job’s other friends with misrepresenting God to Job! However, Eliphaz’ attitude is very similar to our attitude toward God. We frequently charge God with characteristics that he does not have. We blame God whenever things go wrong in our lives. We blame God whenever things we have done, or others have done cause pain and suffering. If we cannot understand what is going on, then we blame God for not stepping in and “fixing it!” because he has the power to do so! The truth is that just because someone has the power to do something doesn’t mean that it is the right thing to do!
God is the Holy One, he is the only one who actually knows everything that is going on…the full picture! Only God knows when it is the appropriate time for him to step in and “fix things!” We don’t! We are not qualified to make that decision, as we are not the ones with all of the information.
God does not have the ability to sin…it is not in his nature. Sin is not Holy! Nothing that is unholy can be a part of God. That is why Satan who was the most beautiful and glorious angel in heaven was cast down along with 1/3 of the population of angels who threw in with him and sinned! God gave us free will and free choice, and he did the same for the angels in heaven. Truthfully, there can be no such thing as love without choice. Love that is forced is not love, but coercion. God wants us to love him and choose him freely and genuinely. That is the most Holy thing we can do.
It is true that God knows what choices we will make, but wedon’t know what choices we will make. He didn’t give us free choice for his own benefit, but so that we may grow closer to him by our voluntary obedience to him.
In the Bible sometimes, men are called Holy men.This means they have dedicated their lives to serving God, and living faithfully to follow God’s direction for their lives. Even doing that we fall short of the Holiness of God. However, God loves us, anyway! He loves when we choose Him.
Only Jesus lived up to God’s standard of Holiness, being God in the flesh.That is what made him a perfect innocent sacrifice for mankind. Jesus told us that the two most important commandments are to Love God above everything and everyone and to love our neighbor as much as we love ourselves….our neighbor being our fellow man. Jesus gave us these as the two most Holy things that we humans can do. He said if we can keep these two commandments we won’t have to worry about any of the other ones. That is because the other ones will take automatically fall into place in our lives if we follow these two.
In Mark 1:21-24, during Jesus’ casting out of a demon from a man, the demon recognized Jesus’ Holiness and Authority as being that of God and in John 6:69The disciples recognized Jesus’ as the Holy One of God.
Challenge: Make a personal scrap book, or journal of your journey towards being closer to God.You may use, poetry, stories, magazine pictures or articles, bible verses, anything that expresses your journey to know God. We should pursue God’s holiness in our lives.
Isaiah Chapter 6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord seated on a high and lofty throne, and His robe[a] filled the temple. 2 Seraphim[b] were standing above Him; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew.3 And one called to another:
Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Hosts; His glory fills the whole earth.
4 The foundations of the doorways shook at the sound of their voices, and the temple was filled with smoke.
5 Then I said:
Woe is me for I am ruined[c] because I am a man of unclean lips and live among a people of unclean lips, and because my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of Hosts.
6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, and in his hand was a glowing coal that he had taken from the altar with tongs. 7 He touched my mouth with it and said:
Now that this has touched your lips, your wickedness is removed and your sin is atoned for.
8 Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying:
Who should I send? Who will go for Us?
Here I am. Send me.
9 And He replied:
Go! Say to these people: Keep listening, but do not understand; keep looking, but do not perceive. 10 Dull the minds[d] of these people; deafen their ears and blind their eyes; otherwise they might see with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand with their minds, turn back, and be healed.
11 Then I said, “Until when, Lord?” And He replied:
Until cities lie in ruins without inhabitants, houses are without people, the land is ruined and desolate, 12 and the Lord drives the people far away, leaving great emptiness in the land. 13 Though a tenth will remain in the land, it will be burned again. Like the terebinth or the oak that leaves a stump when felled, the holy seed is the stump.
1 The Lord reigns! Let the peoples tremble. He is enthroned above the cherubim. Let the earth quake. 2 Yahweh is great in Zion; He is exalted above all the peoples. 3 Let them praise Your great and awe-inspiring name. He is holy.
4 The mighty King loves justice. You have established fairness; You have administered justice and righteousness in Jacob. 5 Exalt the Lord our God; bow in worship at His footstool. He is holy.
6 Moses and Aaron were among His priests; Samuel also was among those calling on His name. They called to Yahweh and He answered them. 7 He spoke to them in a pillar of cloud; they kept His decrees and the statutes He gave them. 8 Lord our God, You answered them. You were a forgiving God to them, an avenger of their sinful actions.
9 Exalt the Lord our God; bow in worship at His holy mountain, for the Lord our God is holy.
Psalm 111 King James Version (KJV)
111 Praise ye the Lord. I will praise the Lord with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.
2 The works of the Lord are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein.
3 His work is honourable and glorious: and his righteousness endureth for ever.
4 He hath made his wonderful works to be remembered: the Lord is gracious and full of compassion.
5 He hath given meat unto them that fear him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant.
6 He hath shewed his people the power of his works, that he may give them the heritage of the heathen.
7 The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.
8 They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness.
9 He sent redemption unto his people: he hath commanded his covenant for ever: holy and reverend is his name.
10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.
Exodus 3:13-15: Moses said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you, and they ask me, What is his name? Then what shall I tell them?” God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: “I AM has sent me to you.” God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, “The Lord, the God of your fathers- The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has sent me to you.” This is my name forever, the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation.”
John 8:58 “I tell you the truth,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born I AM.”
Notes:In Unger’s Bible dictionary it says that the word Jehovah is a misspelling of the word Yahweh which in Hebrew means “He causes to be or He exists, or He creates.”This explains why God uses the term I AM to describe himself.I AM is a short way to say that he exists and has always existed, that God is not a created being.He is the Creator of Everything.The tradition of the Hebrews was to not say God’s name out loud in conversation.This tradition probably has a lot to do with the fact that God’s name is Holy, and that misusing God’s name was punishable by death. After all, if you don’t say it out loud, then you cannot misuse it accidentally or on purpose.Historians believe that this is what led to the mispronouncing of God’s name Yahweh (Yahway) as Jehovah.Since it was never pronounced out loud, some forgot how to pronounce, and spell it.Also as you can see in John 8:58 Jesus describes himself with the traditional title that God used for himself with Moses.
Exodus 20:7You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
Read Leviticus 24:10-23The story of the Blasphemer.
10 Now the son of an Israelite mother and an Egyptian father went out among the Israelites, and a fight broke out in the camp between him and an Israelite.11 The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name with a curse; so they brought him to Moses. (His mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri the Danite.)12 They put him in custody until the will of the Lord should be made clear to them.
13 Then the Lord said to Moses:14 “Take the blasphemer outside the camp. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the entire assembly is to stone him.15 Say to the Israelites: ‘Anyone who curses their God will be held responsible;16 anyone who blasphemes the name of the Lord is to be put to death. The entire assembly must stone them. Whether foreigner or native-born, when they blaspheme the Name they are to be put to death.
17 “‘Anyone who takes the life of a human being is to be put to death.18 Anyone who takes the life of someone’s animal must make restitution—life for life.19 Anyone who injures their neighbor is to be injured in the same manner:20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. The one who has inflicted the injury must suffer the same injury.21 Whoever kills an animal must make restitution, but whoever kills a human being is to be put to death.22 You are to have the same law for the foreigner and the native-born. I am the Lord your God.’”
23 Then Moses spoke to the Israelites, and they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him. The Israelites did as the Lord commanded Moses.
Reading this story of the blasphemer who was put to death and the indictment that God laid on him is very hard. There are many things that are hard to understand, but if you realize that God is a Holy God, and that he was in the process of making the people of Israel into a group of people who were to be living examples of the character of God to others on earth…then it can be seen that a person who did not respect the God who was providing for them and caring for them could not be tolerated.
I know, you are probably saying that they could have just thrown him out of the camp, but again, if you think about the environment outside the camp…a dry and desert environment…wouldn’t throwing this person out be the same as sentencing them to death? There was a reason why people traveled in caravans in those days. There was no city, no civilization…just their camp.
At the same time, it is shown in verse 21 that God was not giving this instruction lightly…the value of human life is of the utmost importance. God also did not want anyone to believe that there was a separate law for the native Israelite and the one who lived in Israel but had an Egyptian Father, so in verse 22 he reminds them that the law is for both the Israelite and the foreign born. The same law.
We have a lot of conflicting beliefs over the death penalty as a punishment, but the Bible clearly had laws regarding this, and considered that someone who took God’s name lightly or ran down God’s name should be treated to that punishment. The punishment of death was not lightly given…but for very grave offenses, such as adultery, murder, and blasphemy.
There should also be an understanding that God was applying these laws to those who lived within the boundaries of Israel and with the Israelite people. The 10 commandments were given so that people could understand how to live with each other….to have respect for each other, and the land of Israel was a Theocracy, not a Democracy. We Westerners, as a rule, have a hard time understanding what a Theocracy is, and how people can live in one. That is because we believe that the individual freedoms of people are more important than our individual beliefs about God….in other words, we are generally more self centered, than God centered.
The peculiar thing here is that the Pharisees used this law to try and trap Jesus. They found that despite all the scriptures about the Messiah, they were unable to believe that Jesus, who was identifying himself with God…could be that Messiah. All they saw was blasphemy.
Luke 5:20-21 20When Jesus saw their faith, He said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.” 21But the scribes and Pharisees began to consider this and ask, “Who is this man who speaks blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God along?”
If we were a strict Theocracy then we would be having everything in our lives revolve around God, and all of our laws would be looking to make God centered decisions.
Personally, I am grateful that we do not live in such a strict society; because even a strict theocracy is governed by human beings who are incapable of making good judgements about people. In the days of Moses, God was in direct and certain communication with Moses…there wasn’t any doubt about this within the confines of the Israelite people. God was their rescuer and Moses was the leader that God had given to them. Moses, himself, was under the punishment of God for misrepresenting God’s character to his people. He was banned from ever entering the promised land for doing that.
God is a loving God, but we cannot forget that he is a Righteous and Holy God who is not to be taken lightly. Whether in speech or in action. The good news is that he is a loving God who is just to forgive us whenever we ask for it sincerely….If you look back at that story we do not hear that the blasphemer of Mose’s time was asking for forgiveness at all…it is not made clear to us…but if we look at the pharisees…even thinking that Jesus was a blasphemer they picked up stones to stone him..John 8:59 At this, they picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus hid himself, slipping away from the temple grounds.
The seriousness with which the Jews took this law of God and the Holiness of God’s name into their hearts was still in effect in Jesus’ time which was thousands of years after Mose’s time. The thing is that Jesus was who he was saying he was, yet the Pharisees could not see it! They were blinded by their own self-righteousness!
Luke 1:69 He has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David.
Read 2 Samuel Ch. 7This is God’s promise to David to make his kingdom and his house last forever.
Read Matthew 1:1-17This is the genealogy of Jesus Christ from Abraham onward.So you can see that God kept his promise to Abraham to make his children as numberless as the stars, and to David to make his kingdom and house be eternal, through Jesus.
Read Luke 1:26-33This is when the Angel Gabriel visits Mary and tells Mary that her son will be called the Son of the Most High, and he will rule on the throne of his father David and over the house of Jacob forever.
Note:Jesus’s title of the Son of David is a racial title which reminds us that Jesus was a descendant of the Jewish King David who was a descendant of Abraham. In short, it reminds us that Jesus is Jewish.
Genealogy is very important throughout the bible. It demonstrates continuity of life. It also gives us a glance at what a forgiving God we have. Looking at the people listed in Jesus’ ancestry we see all kinds of sinners. Yet, those people were so forgiven by God due to their faith that he put them in Jesus’ ancestry to show us how total and completely God forgives you.
We know that God keeps his promises, no matter how long it seems to take him to fulfill a promise…when God makes a promise…he keeps it…you can count on it!
Look at the number of generations from Abraham to Jesus…Abraham did not live to see the promise kept, but God kept it anyway!
The same with David, King David did not live to see Jesus, hundreds of years later, still representing his throne, his authority, and kingship…yet, Jesus is an eternal King, to a Kingdom without any ending! How is that for promise keeping?!! Yes, there were times when the King was not actually sitting on the throne in Israel. Just because a king is not actively sitting on the throne doesn’t mean there is no king.
Jesus told us that we are to preach the Kingdom come…because the Kingdom is here! We refer to this as the gospel. The word gospel means the good news! The good news is that God loves us and sent his son so that those who believe in his son, Jesus the Christ, and ask for God’s forgiveness of their sins, can receive that forgiveness and begin a new life living for God with the Holy Spirit dwelling within them. This is a promise that God made to us! We can count on God to keep his promise! That is one of the things that knowing Jesus as the “Son of David” means to us!
Luke 9:1-2 When Jesus had called the Twelve together, he gave them power and authority to drive out all demons and to cure diseases,2 and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.
Psalm 103:10-12 New International Version (NIV)
10 he does not treat us as our sins deserve or repay us according to our iniquities. 11 For as high as the heavens are above the earth, so great is his love for those who fear him; 12 as far as the east is from the west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us.
Bible Verses listed in lesson from biblegateway.com
2 Samuel 7 New International Version (NIV)
God’s Promise to David
7 After the king was settled in his palace and the Lord had given him rest from all his enemies around him,2 he said to Nathan the prophet, “Here I am, living in a house of cedar, while the ark of God remains in a tent.”
3 Nathan replied to the king, “Whatever you have in mind, go ahead and do it, for the Lord is with you.”
4 But that night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, saying:
5 “Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord says: Are you the one to build me a house to dwell in?6 I have not dwelt in a house from the day I brought the Israelites up out of Egypt to this day. I have been moving from place to place with a tent as my dwelling.7 Wherever I have moved with all the Israelites, did I ever say to any of their rulers whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?”’
8 “Now then, tell my servant David, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty says: I took you from the pasture, from tending the flock, and appointed you ruler over my people Israel.9 I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you. Now I will make your name great, like the names of the greatest men on earth.10 And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning11 and have done ever since the time I appointed leaders[a] over my people Israel. I will also give you rest from all your enemies.
“‘The Lord declares to you that the Lord himself will establish a house for you:12 When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom.13 He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.14 I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with a rod wielded by men, with floggings inflicted by human hands.15 But my love will never be taken away from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you.16 Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me[b]; your thronewill be established forever.’”
17 Nathan reported to David all the words of this entire revelation.
18 Then King David went in and sat before the Lord, and he said:
“Who am I, Sovereign Lord, and what is my family, that you have brought me this far?19 And as if this were not enough in your sight, Sovereign Lord, you have also spoken about the future of the house of your servant—and this decree, Sovereign Lord, is for a mere human![c]
20 “What more can David say to you? For you know your servant, Sovereign Lord.21 For the sake of your word and according to your will, you have done this great thing and made it known to your servant.
22 “How great you are, Sovereign Lord! There is no one like you, and there is no God but you, as we have heard with our own ears.23 And who is like your people Israel—the one nation on earth that God went out to redeem as a people for himself, and to make a name for himself, and to perform great and awesome wonders by driving out nations and their gods from before your people, whom you redeemed from Egypt?[d]24 You have established your people Israel as your very own forever, and you, Lord, have become their God.
25 “And now, Lord God, keep forever the promise you have made concerning your servant and his house. Do as you promised,26 so that your name will be great forever. Then people will say, ‘The Lord Almighty is God over Israel!’ And the house of your servant David will be established in your sight.
27 “Lord Almighty, God of Israel, you have revealed this to your servant, saying, ‘I will build a house for you.’ So your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to you.28 Sovereign Lord, you are God! Your covenant is trustworthy, and you have promised these good things to your servant.29 Now be pleased to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever in your sight; for you, Sovereign Lord, have spoken, and with your blessing the house of your servant will be blessed forever.”
26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee,27 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.28 The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”
29 Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.30 But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God.31 You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus.32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,33 and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.”
Psalm 84:2 My soul longeth yea even fainteth for the courts of the Lord, my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Psalm 84This is a prayer for closeness to God.The person is acknowledging that those who are close to God are blessed and joyful and strong.In verse 2 the musician states that his soul is faint with longing for God.
Prayer is a way to grow closer to God and understand His plans for your life, you should not only pray to have closeness to God for yourself, you should also prayer for others to grow closer to God so that they can have the joy of knowing Him.
Read Luke 1:5-25This is the story of Zacharias the priest and Elizabeth his wife and the promise of their coming child who is to be John the Baptist. God’s angel comes and tells Zacharias that his prayers have been heard.This is a good lesson on waiting for answered prayer that even when we have prayed for years and don’t see the answer that God has heard us and will answer our prayers.
Luke 1:5-25 5 In the time of Herod king of Judea there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah; his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron.6 Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly.7 But they were childless because Elizabeth was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.
8 Once when Zechariah’s division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God,9 he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense.10 And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.
11 Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense.12 When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear.13 But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call him John.14 He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth,15 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born.16 He will bring back many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God.17 And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the parents to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous—to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”
18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well along in years.”
19 The angel said to him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news.20 And now you will be silent and not able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their appointed time.”
21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple.22 When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs to them but remained unable to speak.
23 When his time of service was completed, he returned home.24 After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion.25 “The Lord has done this for me,” she said. “In these days he has shown his favor and taken away my disgrace among the people.” (NIV)
If you want to know more about the priestly divisions read 1 Chronicles 23 and 24. The main thing to note about the priestly relationship of Zacharias is that the priestly division of Abijah was directly descended from Aaron, Mose’s brother, through his son Ithamar. So was Elizabeth, Zacharias’ wife. It is stated in Luke that both Zacharias and Elizabeth were righteous and blameless in the sight of the Lord; that they kept God’s commands and decrees. Now the fact that they kept his decrees does not mean that they never sinned, it is just that they were in their daily life and in their hearts devoted to God and doing everything that was required of them by law to the best of their abilities. Blameless and righteous does not mean perfect and sinless. God considered them righteous due to their faith, the same way that he considered Abraham righteous. It was that they had a heart for God.
Now in the worldly view of things these people had no blessing of children and they were old. This would have made the people of their world look down on them with pity, as carrying on the family name was of the utmost importance. It was so important that when a man was married and died childless, his brother (if he had one) was commanded to marry the widow and raise up a child as if it were his brother’s child. Apparently, Zacharias and Elizabeth were used to the idea that they were not going to have any children…after all they were old..they were probably resigned to the fact. Most people would be when that much time had passed, wouldn’t they?!!
Yet, they continued to follow God in their daily lives. Their faithfulness was not based on what God could do for them. It was on the idea that, well, “God was God, and if he wanted them to have children he would make it happen, and if not then God was God; it wasn’t meant to be”
Their attitude of faith stood them in good stead and God recognized it and sent an angel to tell Zacharias that he and Elizabeth would be having a son. Now, here is a hiccup for you…Zacharias didn’t actually believe the angel…he could not get past the idea that he and Elizabeth were too old to biologically have a child. His doubt cost him. He was struck dumb until the child was born and it was time for the naming of the baby. Now, it doesn’t seem that he was deafened, as it says that he made signs to them, but that he could not speak. The rest of the story is that he was not allowed to speak until the time came to name the baby and he said, “His name is John.”
John the Baptist was the cousin of Jesus the Christ…there is a lot more to this story. As the story says John was filled with the Holy Spirit even before he was born, and that Holy Spirit recognized Jesus in the womb when Mary came to visit his Mother, Elizabeth right after she was told that she would bear a child….John the Baptist “leaped in the womb.” In other words, he was excited to see and be near Jesus even though neither of them had been born yet. I find this to be a pretty awesome thing! Holiness recognizing Holiness.
That is what we are to be to God, someone who can recognize him whenever we are around him or his people. Someone who gets excited by being around and involved with God; by being in conversation and worship with him. Just like John the Baptist in the womb recognizing Christ…we should endeavor to draw so close to God that we can recognize him by instinct before we even can work it out in our conscious thought processes. We can know what God is asking of us and know that it is he who is speaking to us.
Roman’s 9:15-16 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then, it does not depend on man’s desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.
Read 1Samuel 1:10-11 Hannah prayed for the Blessing of a son, and promised God that she would give him back to God for all the days of his life, and his hair would never be cut. God answered her prayer and Samuel was born and given to Eli the Priest at the Temple after he was weaned (1Samuel 1:22, 26-28) God blessed Hannah with many more children after Samuel. (1Samuel 2:5) Note that Hannah’s prayer was answered and she was blessed with more children for her faithfulness to her promise. Hannah’s prayer included an offer of personal sacrifice of the thing wanted most. Sometimes when a prayer is really important we can fast and sacrifice our meals or give up fun activities in order to honor the seriousness of the prayer. We do this most often either for healing of someone or ourselves, or during the season of Lent in an effort to experience a small part of Jesus’ sacrifice for us. Sometimes when a matter of prayer is crucial to you, you feel that just prayer alone is not enough, then it is appropriate to fast so that you can concentrate on God more.
Read Judges 11 Here is the story of another person who wanted a blessing from God, and made a vow to God. However, this is a case where there is a lot of controversy. We can learn a lot from Jephthah’s wild seemingly ill considered vow. He vows that if God will let him win a war, then he will offer to or sacrifice to God whatever first comes out of his house when he returns safely.
Have you ever made a vow or promise that you wish you had never made? I don’t think there is a person alive who hasn’t. I am sure that Jephthah had regrets…as his one and only child…his daughter is the one who first came out to meet him. Now there is controversy among scholars about whether he actually burned his daughter as a sacrifice, or if she was just offered as in the case of Hannah offering Samuel to God as a servant in the temple, or maybe she was just set aside and never allowed to marry, but stayed in her father’s house. I am going with the idea that Jephthah was known to be a man of God and knowing that God had prohibited human sacrifice he would never go against God. (Deuteronomy 12:29-32) After all, he was chosen as a leader of his people by God. That is why he is mentioned in Judges in the first place.
Also his daughter mourns her virginity and it tells us she never knew a man. So her mourning of her virginity in this case would be the never having a husband and children. For a Jewish woman of her time, that was a horrible fate to have. A woman’s worth as told to us in the story of Hannah and many other women throughout the Old Testament was based on whether she could provide sons for her husband so that his lineage could continue. The same could be said of a Jewish man, having a son was his top obligation. So much so that if his brother had a wife and died without a son, then he was to marry the widow and raise up a son as his brother’s child so that he would have a son to carry on his line. (Deuteronomy 25:5-6)
So when we see this story of Hannah, she was miserable and she wanted a son to validate her worth. Jephthah had only a daughter and he, undoubtedly loved his daughter as we can see from his response to her appearance. Jephthah was someone who had no proper family when he was growing up, and was actually rejected and ejected from his father’s house, so family was probably doubly important to him over others who were raised in a family where their Mother was respected and loved. Saying this, it seems to me that his vow to God really was a painful burden to him. As his daughter would not be able to provide him with a continuation of his family line, and she was his only child.
Unlike in the story of Hannah and her son, Samuel, we are not told that Jephthah suddenly started having other children.
So both of these people prayed for a blessing and tried to give something to God in return. Hannah ended up with the greater blessing, as the scorn she received from her husband’s second wife was abated and she had many children. The way I feel when I read Hannah’s story is that she is a woman in misery, and is praying for God with all the humbleness of her heart to remove her misery.
On the other hand, when I read of Jephthah, he seems like a person of great pride. He is a person who is a bargainer. When his family called him back he bargains with them to become the head of the family if he fights for them and prevails. Then he offers God a bargain, that he will give God a sacrifice of whatever comes out of his house first if God will just let him win against his enemies. Jephthah was not miserable in the sense that Hannah was, but he was also looked down upon by members of his family and community. He was a “can do” type of person, his relationship with God was almost completely different from Hannah’s. Hannah was a “can’t do anything about it” person. She was humble and laid her problem out to God. Jephthah on the other hand probably would have gone into battle anyway, and hoped for the best; but felt that if he offered God something that maybe God would make certain of his victory.
The thing is in both cases, God did bless these people with the desires of their hearts. Jephthah in the end needed and desired the respect of his family after the way he had grown up. By offering his daughter to God, he also gained more community respect. We are told that for four days a year the Jewish girls would go into the desert to lament his daughter’s virginity. In this case, to honor it, as well as mourn her sacrifice of having no family. Another thing about not having a son, is that there was no one to care for her in her old age….though, as she was a “living sacrifice” to God I am sure that God made sure she was cared for. Just as he will care for us if we make ourselves into “living sacrifices” to him. For us to be living sacrifices means that we are living our lives fully invested in following God’s plan for our lives. We are setting aside our selfishness and our need to control things, and allowing God to work in us.
The thing is that there is nothing other than ourselves that we can offer to God…God does not do bargains. He listens to our prayers and our repentance of our sins, and he wants to give us the desires of our hearts. Just like any parent wants to give their children the desires of their hearts….without any bargaining! God does not bargain…he blesses whom he will bless and he curses whom he will curse. Generally, he blesses those who love him…maybe not the way they wish to be blessed on the surface, but he gives what the person really needs to help them grow closer to him, and to fulfill their plan. The thing is we don’t always understand the actual blessing that God has given us when it is given to us. Sometimes, we have to have time to see it.
Jesus tells us in Matthew 5:33-37 Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’34 But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.37 Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil. (ESV)
Colossians 2:8 See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.
2Timothy 4:2-4 Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching. For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths.
Read Mark chapter 7
Many traditions are just man made traditions and not anything to do with a requirement of God or living as a grace covered Christian. Now to the Jews circumcision was part of a covenant that they are still keeping, and that is certainly the right thing for them; however, under the covenant of Jesus’ blood, Gentiles are not required to fulfill that circumcision requirement. In the old testament before the coming of Christ you had to be circumcised to join the Jews, I imagine that is still the case if you male and are to become Jewish. However, it is not a requirement under Christianity, it is a choice each person can make.
I have another Christian tradition that I have been struggling with that my own church and most churches deal with, that of Communion. I decided to read up on this issue in the Bible and have come to the following conclusions. There are many traditions that are man made about it. Some believe that it is the literal body and blood of Christ, others believe that it is not, but is a Holy Sacrament and must be blessed by a Priest or Minister, others don’t believe it needs to be blessed or consecrated, but each person can simply take it in communion with others with an attitude of worship, and a recognition what it represents; still others believe that only those of a certain age or only of the like denomination can partake of it.
However, in the Bible all it says is that Jesus, while sitting at a passover table with his disciples told them while lifting the passover cup that it was his blood, and that breaking the bread it was his body (Matthew 26:26), and 1Corinthians 11 talks about it extensively from the view point of Paul the Apostle. He talks about it strictly from the stand point of the attitude of the person who is partaking of communion. Paul says that the people who are partaking of the Lord’s cup and bread should be taking it with an acknowledgement of Jesus’ sacrifice for us as one of his (Christian) sheep. He also says that they should not be helping themselves and treating it as a party for just those wealthy enough to afford it. He tells us that if it is being used that way, they can eat or drink at home..it is to be taken with a proper attitude and in community with all who are present who are belonging to Christ. It is up to the person who is taking it to decide whether they are worthy (aka belonging to Christ) to take it or not.
The setting for Jesus’ meal with his disciples was a Passover meal. If we look at the requirements for passover the priest did not necessarily have to kill the passover lamb, but was required to catch the blood from the lamb and sprinkle it on the altar. That was the only requirement for a priest during passover. The rest of the meal was performed in the individual homes not at the temple. Here is an interesting site that explains the Passover practices of the Jews…though you can also read it in the Bible in Exodus 12
Another fact about Jesus’ death, is that with his death the veil between the Holy of Holy’s and the rest of the Temple was torn. The Holy of Holy’s was the place that only the High Priest could go into as it was the “place of the presence of God.” He was only allowed to go in there on the day of Atonement which was once a year. With the tearing of the veil by Jesus death there became no need for any Jew or Gentile Christian or anyone to have to go to a Priest in order to be in God’s presence. We were allowed through the death Jesus Christ to go straight to God ourselves…Jesus is the only mediator between God and Man. (1Timothy 2:5). That is why when we pray to God, we pray asking in Jesus’ name. The Holy Spirit lives in us, as Christians, therefore we are not in need of an earthly priest for anything. Not even for the blessing of the elements of communion. It is enough for Christians to pray over the elements and ask God’s presence and blessing for their act of Communion and remembrance, honoring of Jesus’ sacrifice for us.
The idea behind communion that Jesus gave his disciples is a remembrance of his sacrifice. It is a reminder to us, that we are sinful and that we needed this selfless sacrifice to redeem us, and reunite us with God. A reminder that Jesus willingly sacrificed himself for us. Just as the Passover was a reminder to the Jews that God had “passed over” their houses in Egypt and spared the lives of their first born. God told them to celebrate passover in “remembrance” of that event in Egypt.
Different denominations have many different beliefs about Communion, Baptism and many other issues….what to wear, how to wear your hair if you are man or woman, etc. A lot of those beliefs are traditions of the denominations, and not necessarily Biblical. Many times, those beliefs have grown from someone taking one statement out of context, or out of misunderstanding of the circumstances and/or group to whom the speaker was speaking or what was going in that society. Many traditions are used by Satan to separate the people of God and cause them to fight amongst themselves instead of being unified through our Savior. While we can enjoy traditions we need to be aware of what is traditional and what is Biblical and not allow man’s traditions to separate us from our fellow believers.
For instance, if someone were on their death bed and had just accepted Christ, and you were the only Christian around and they wanted Communion or Baptism…would you deny them and say, “Let me go find a minister or a priest, I’m not qualified?”
Each person reading John 14:12-14 should be able to answer that. Jesus who is our ultimate high priest everlasting told us that whoever believes in Him will be able to do whatever he does and even greater things than he. We know that his disciples had the gifts of the Spirit, and the fruits of the Spirit and did healing, and baptism, and had communion in Jesus’ name. Jesus was not out to create a new priesthood with the Disciples that elevated them above those whom they were bringing to Christ. He wanted each and every one of us as Christians to be priests and serve others around us in Jesus’ name. (1Peter 2:9)
Now I recognize that not everyone will feel comfortable with the idea of administering Baptism or Communion to another, and maybe they never will. Traditions have a strong hold on people. Like getting a hair cut….just be aware, that sometimes a tradition which is not correctly Biblically based can be a separator and not a unifier. Be gentle and loving and it is okay to question a tradition, but question it in the context of “what does the Bible have to say about it? What does God’s Word have to say about it?” Is it hurting someone or is it something that helps you to connect with God more fully? Respect traditions, but evaluate them against the word of God and the character of God. That is what the Disciples did! They always went back to the word of God, and took it in the context that the words were spoken!
Galatians 5:4 You who are trying to be justified by law have been alienated from Christ, you have fallen from grace.
ReadGalatians 5:4, Hebrews 12:15,Hebrews 13:9, 1Peter 1:13You can fall away from God’s grace, if you embrace your culture too much.We are to live a separate kind of existence than our culture, as a demonstration of God’s grace in our lives.We are to be in the world, but not be worldly.Don’t try to earn your way to heaven, if you do, then you are no longer under grace, you are under the law, and you are condemned.
Read Galatians 2: This is about Paul and Barnabas receiving the right hand of fellowship of James, Cephas, and John who were spreading the word of Jesus to the Jews (who were called the Circumcision in the bible), the Gentiles were the uncircumcised.Paul condemns Peter’s action of preaching grace, but then telling the people that they must under the law be circumcised.He tells Peter that if he is living under grace, that he cannot then require circumcision of people (the gentiles) before they come to Jesus.That this would be a legal requirement, and that this requirement is not of grace, that they are accepted to Jesus by grace and faith, not by works.That sin is justified by grace and not by their own work.Otherwise if righteousness comes by law, then Christ died in vain.
It is really funny how an issue can cause people to get into a dither, isn’t it? I have several brothers, and in my family although we are not Jewish and as far as I know my Mother has not yet found anyone Jewish in our background through all of her mountains of research into our family genealogy, but despite what the Bible says about Gentiles not needing to be circumcised my brothers were, as were most boys born in the time period that I was born in. I don’t believe that much consideration, if any, was given to the contrary. If any consideration was given it was probably that Christians are circumcised too. That is a general Judeo-Christian consensus, but as you can find from reading the Bible that is not a requirement of Gentile Christians. Now, in the generation of my children, I have heard discussion on doing that or not doing that, and some are very defensive about not circumcising if they have boy children. They are expecting criticism from parents who chose to circumcise.
As Christians we need to know exactly what the Bible is saying about this subject, and other subjects like it, so that we can lovingly discuss it with those who are feeling very uptight about it, or any subject that is a tradition. The Bible tells us not to trouble our children and the children not to trouble us. (Colossians 3:21, Ephesians 6:1-4) If we don’t know what the Bible says about these things, then it does cause trouble between us and our children and between us and others who are in their Christian walk also.